The Foundational Four: Sensory Secrets and the Senses You Didn't Know You Had.


Know the Foundational Senses: How to recognize & regulate these four senses with activities.

We thought it was important to inform others that we have EIGHT senses, not five, and 3 are ones you likely have never heard about! Many of us are taught the FIVE senses in school: Seeing, Hearing, Smell, Taste, and Touch. What we are missing are the Foundational senses of: Vestibular, Proprioceptive, and Interoceptive. These THREE are of particular import as they help our bodies know we are safe and secure in out internal and external states of just being. For every sense, we can be under or over responsive to any of our 8 senses, and when we are, that often causes challenges to how we interact with the world around us. For example, we may avoid certain activities or be thrill-seeking in others! Let’s break down our Foundational FOUR.

Our primary senses are called the Foundational Four. These include: Touch (Tactile), Proprioception, Vestibular, and Interoception. When these four are not working just right, we and those around us notice! Often this can look like quirks, behavioral challenges and emotional reactivity. Not knowing about them places humans at a disadvantage particularly parents, who don’t see these challenges coming until you are begging for answers and are at your wits end.

Learn more about Cary's experience with sensory sensitivities "Lemonade moment".

Tactile/Touch: is where we process pain, pressure, texture, & temperature and can immense sensitivities too as our skin is our largest organ.

What to do to engage the Tactile/Touch sense:

  • Have a variety of fidgets around to explore, figure out what you like/don’t like

  • Read our fidget toys blog here

  • Make a sensory tub! Fill it with rice, lentils, sand, kinetic sand, orbeez/water beads

  • Messy play! Shaving cream on a table provides a great tactile experience. For younger children, try pudding!

  • Find large soft pillows or a cozy blanket and curl up with your child to read a book.

Do these activities to engage the tactile sense to seek calming and regulation of the bodies systems.

Learn more about the Tactile Sense here

Proprioceptive: Informs us of our body position in space, provides us information on how our muscles stretch and contract, and help us avoid objects.

What to do to engage the Proprioceptive sense:

  • ​Practice yoga poses (individually or together)

  • ​Make a pile of pillows to nestle underneath

  • ​Play with something stretchy, like Putty or Model Magic

  • ​Create a tape maze on your living room floor and practice walking heel to toe on the line

  • Animal walks (crab walk, gorilla arms, slither like a snake)

  • Hopscotch

  • Jump on a trampoline

  • Sit under a weighted blanket

  • Lift heavy boxes or carry in groceries

Do these activities to engage the proprioceptive sense to seek calming and regulation of the bodies systems.

Learn more about Proprioception here

Vestibular: Informs our body of a change in our head position or having our feet lifted off the ground. Contributes to our sense of balance! Think motion sickness.

What to do to engage the Vestibular sense:

  • Cross-body touch toes (right hand to left foot, then reverse)

  • Play catch where ball crosses body (right arm throws, opponent catches with right arm)

  • Lay on your back on the floor and put your feet in the air for a Ceiling Walk

  • Rock body/Boat Pose

  • Hang upside-down off a chair

  • Bounce on a therapy ball

  • Games that require you to move your body!

  • Spin both ways in a chair-equally

Do these activities to engage the vestibular sense to seek calming and regulation of the bodies systems.

Learn more about the Vestibular sense here

Interoception: Informs our body of internal sensations like intuition, the feeling of hunger and thirst, sickness, heart rate, and the feeling that one needs to use the bathroom.

Read our blog post about Interoception here to learn more.

What to do to engage the Interoceptive sense:​

  • Take a warm bath

  • Drink warm tea

  • Drink ice cold drinks

  • Sucking on ice cubes

  • Language use of differences- opposites: Hot/cold, tight/loose, soft/hard touch.

  • Do jumping jacks and then listen to your heartbeat

  • Practice yoga core poses (boat, chair, cat poses)

  • Sit under a weighted blanket

Do these activities to engage the interoception sense to seek calming and regulation of the bodies systems.

Learn more about the Interoceptive sense here

It is important to note that individuals and children are often demonstrating behavioral, emotional, and self esteem challenges due to sensory sensitivities of their foundational four senses. Understanding the connection between the body and the brain enables professionals to assist with the appropriate interventions. Unfortunately, not all professionals are aware of sensory sensitivities and how these present and impact a person's global functioning. Seeking out licensed professionals who understand sensory sensitivities can assist parents and individuals in receiving the correct referrals for effective treatment. Don’t be afraid to ask in your search if the professionals understand sensory sensitivities and to keep searching for someone that does.

If everything you have tried to change a child's behavior fails or you see no change. If you feel that your child’s sensory challenges are hindering their ability to fully experience the world around, then your child may benefit from an evaluation by an Occupational Therapist to address these concerns. Occupational Therapists can provide a wonderful support to the family system, not only in addressing sensory challenges but in helping your child (and family) develop life skills. When looking for an Occupational Therapist (OT) in your area, you want to look for one that works with Pediatrics and/or specializes in Sensory Processing Challenges (SPD). Not all OT’s are trained in sensory processing challenges, and some OT’s have age limits/requirements! Do not be afraid to ask questions. Just as you would want to find the right fit for your child in counseling, it is to your benefit to do some research before selecting an Occupational Therapist for your child. You can find more information about sensory processing challenges and find the names of providers in your area at The STAR Institute.

If you, parent, are looking for more information on this topic, we highly recommend the following books:

The Out Of Sync Child purchase here

Understanding Your Child’s Sensory Signals purchase here

Positively Sensory! purchase here

No longer a Secret Unique common sense strategies for children with sensory or motor challenges purchase here ...

At Olympia Therapy we know the frustration many parents experience and feel. We understand and know the pressure of all the parenting strategies not working! We have found that many times it is these sensory sensitivities that are not being addressed sufficiently. We are hoping that through education and compassionate support, parents can get the stress relief they are seeking, knowing that you are finally getting to the root of, what can be, significant behavioral and emotional conflict and strain in the home.

If you are not local to Olympia, WA we offer an online parenting program that educates and supports a child's whole body wellness; applying sensory, neuroscience and child-parent relational sciences in webinar form. You can learn how to support the emotional and mental health of your child and family at your own pace, in the comfort of your own home. You can learn more about it here at Playful Wisdom Parenting. Parenting is hard and messy as it is! Understanding the impact of these Foundational Four senses is often the missing link to your parenting strategy.

#childmentalhealth #Nuerodiversity #SensoryProcessing #Parenting #ParentChildRelationship #ChildMentalHealth

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